"Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus,
MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure,
which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
An aldose-ketose isomerase that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate. In prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms it plays an essential role in glycolytic and gluconeogenic pathways. In mammalian systems the enzyme is found in the cytoplasm and as a secreted protein. This secreted form of glucose-6-phosphate isomerase has been referred to as autocrine motility factor or neuroleukin, and acts as a cytokine which binds to the AUTOCRINE MOTILITY FACTOR RECEPTOR. Deficiency of the enzyme in humans is an autosomal recessive trait, which results in CONGENITAL NONSPHEROCYTIC HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA.
- Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase
- Glucose 6 Phosphate Isomerase
- Isomerase, Glucose-6-Phosphate
- Isomerase, Glucose 6 Phosphate
- Phosphohexose Isomerase
- Isomerase, Phosphohexose
- Glucosephosphate Isomerase
- Isomerase, Glucosephosphate
- Phosphoglucose Isomerase
- Isomerase, Phosphoglucose
Autocrine Motility Factor
- Autocrine Motility Factor
- Motility Factor, Autocrine
- Tumor Autocrine Motility Factor
- Tumor-Cell Autocrine Motility Factor
- Tumor Cell Autocrine Motility Factor
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase".
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more specific than "Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase".
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Below are the most recent publications written about "Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase" by people in Profiles.
Swan MK, Hansen T, Schönheit P, Davies C. Structural basis for phosphomannose isomerase activity in phosphoglucose isomerase from Pyrobaculum aerophilum: a subtle difference between distantly related enzymes. Biochemistry. 2004 Nov 09; 43(44):14088-95.
Solomons JT, Zimmerly EM, Burns S, Krishnamurthy N, Swan MK, Krings S, Muirhead H, Chirgwin J, Davies C. The crystal structure of mouse phosphoglucose isomerase at 1.6A resolution and its complex with glucose 6-phosphate reveals the catalytic mechanism of sugar ring opening. J Mol Biol. 2004 Sep 17; 342(3):847-60.
Swan MK, Hansen T, Schönheit P, Davies C. A novel phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI)/phosphomannose isomerase from the crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum is a member of the PGI superfamily: structural evidence at 1.16-A resolution. J Biol Chem. 2004 Sep 17; 279(38):39838-45.
Swan MK, Hansen T, Schönheit P, Davies C. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of phosphoglucose isomerase from Pyrococcus furiosus. Protein Pept Lett. 2003 Oct; 10(5):517-20.
Swan MK, Solomons JT, Beeson CC, Hansen T, Schönheit P, Davies C. Structural evidence for a hydride transfer mechanism of catalysis in phosphoglucose isomerase from Pyrococcus furiosus. J Biol Chem. 2003 Nov 21; 278(47):47261-8.
Davies C, Muirhead H, Chirgwin J. The structure of human phosphoglucose isomerase complexed with a transition-state analogue. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2003 Jun; 59(Pt 6):1111-3.
Davies C, Muirhead H. Structure of native phosphoglucose isomerase from rabbit: conformational changes associated with catalytic function. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2003 Mar; 59(Pt 3):453-65.
Davies C, Muirhead H. Crystal structure of phosphoglucose isomerase from pig muscle and its complex with 5-phosphoarabinonate. Proteins. 2002 Dec 01; 49(4):577-9.
Read J, Pearce J, Li X, Muirhead H, Chirgwin J, Davies C. The crystal structure of human phosphoglucose isomerase at 1.6 A resolution: implications for catalytic mechanism, cytokine activity and haemolytic anaemia. J Mol Biol. 2001 Jun 01; 309(2):447-63.
Kugler W, Breme K, Laspe P, Muirhead H, Davies C, Winkler H, Schröter W, Lakomek M. Molecular basis of neurological dysfunction coupled with haemolytic anaemia in human glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI) deficiency. Hum Genet. 1998 Oct; 103(4):450-4.