Fred A. Crawford

Title
InstitutionMedical University of South Carolina
DepartmentSurgery
AddressP.O. Box MSC 295
BM 278
Thurmond Gazes - 30 Courtenay Drive
Phone843-876-4792
Fax843-876-4866
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Johnson S, Stroud MR, Kratz JM, Bradley SM, Crawford FA, Ikonomidis JS. Thirty-year experience with a bileaflet mechanical valve prosthesis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 01; 157(1):213-222. PMID: 30342758.
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    2. Spitler LG, Scholz P, Hessels JW, Bogdanov S, Brazier A, Camilo F, Chatterjee S, Cordes JM, Crawford F, Deneva J, Ferdman RD, Freire PC, Kaspi VM, Lazarus P, Lynch R, Madsen EC, McLaughlin MA, Patel C, Ransom SM, Seymour A, Stairs IH, Stappers BW, van Leeuwen J, Zhu WW. A repeating fast radio burst. Nature. 2016 Mar 10; 531(7593):202-5. PMID: 26934226.
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    3. Crawford FA. Don't miss the plenary sessions. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Jan; 151(1):35-6. PMID: 26478242.
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    4. Ikonomidis JS, Crawford FA, Fann JI. Integrated surgical residency initiative: implications for cardiothoracic surgery. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014; 26(1):14-23. PMID: 24952753.
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    5. Steinberg DH, Richardson S, Patel CA, Machado R, Castillo-Sang M, Powers ER, Crawford FA, Gregg DM, Abernathy JH, Finley A, Ikonomidis JS. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement--the initial MUSC experience. J S C Med Assoc. 2013 Dec; 109(4):121-5. PMID: 24908911.
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    6. Hammon JW, Crawford FA. The characteristics of good thoracic surgical training. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Jan; 147(1):15-7. PMID: 24138792.
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    7. Crawford FA. Carolyn Elaine Reed, MD March 4, 1950-November 16, 2012. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Oct; 96(4):1517-1519. PMID: 30021334.
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    8. Lee R, Enter D, Lou X, Feins RH, Hicks GL, Gasparri M, Takayama H, Young JN, Calhoon JH, Crawford FA, Mokadam NA, Fann JI. The Joint Council on Thoracic Surgery Education coronary artery assessment tool has high interrater reliability. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Jun; 95(6):2064-9; discussion 2069-70. PMID: 23706430.
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    9. Crawford FA. Horace G. Smithy, M.D.: troubled heart, innovative mind, unwavering spirit. Am Surg. 2013 May; 79(5):449. PMID: 23635576.
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    10. Fann JI, Feins RH, Hicks GL, Nesbitt JC, Hammon JW, Crawford FA. Evaluation of simulation training in cardiothoracic surgery: the Senior Tour perspective. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Feb; 143(2):264-72. PMID: 22075060.
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    11. Crawford FA. Changes in cardiothoracic surgery education. J S C Med Assoc. 2011 Aug; 107(4):120-1. PMID: 22057741.
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    12. Reddy VS, Ikonomidis JS, Crawford FA. The AATS Academy: development of a unique concept in medical education. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 May; 141(5):1101-2. PMID: 21497232.
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    13. Uber WE, Toole JM, Stroud MR, Haney JS, Lazarchick J, Crawford FA, Ikonomidis JS. Administration of recombinant activated factor VII in the intensive care unit after complex cardiovascular surgery: clinical and economic outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Jun; 141(6):1469-77.e2. PMID: 21457998.
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    14. Kavarana MN, Crawford FA. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Feb; 91(2):553-4. PMID: 21256312.
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    15. Dick AM, Brothers T, Robison JG, Elliott BM, Kratz JM, Toole JM, Crumbley AJ, Crawford FA. Combined carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting versus coronary artery bypass grafting alone: a retrospective review of outcomes at our institution. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2011 Feb; 45(2):130-4. PMID: 21278178.
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    16. Crawford FA, Cole DJ. The Department of Surgery at the Medical University of South Carolina (1824-2010). Am Surg. 2010 Sep; 76(9):925-32. PMID: 20836336.
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    17. McQuinn TC, Deardorff RL, Mukherjee R, Taylor AG, Graham EM, Atz AM, Forbus GA, DeSantis SM, Young JB, Stroud RE, Crawford FA, Bradley SM, Reeves ST, Spinale FG. Circulating matrix metalloproteinase levels after ventricular septal defect repair in infants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Dec; 140(6):1257-65. PMID: 20561637.
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    18. Hsia TY, McQuinn TC, Mukherjee R, Deardorff RL, Squires JE, Stroud RE, Crawford FA, Bradley SM, Reeves ST, Spinale FG. Effects of aprotinin or tranexamic acid on proteolytic/cytokine profiles in infants after cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jun; 89(6):1843-52; discussion 1852. PMID: 20494037.
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    19. Crawford FA. Horace Smithy: pioneer heart surgeon. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jun; 89(6):2067-71. PMID: 20494095.
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    20. Toole JM, Stroud MR, Kratz JM, Crumbley AJ, Bradley SM, Crawford FA, Ikonomidis JS. Twenty-five year experience with the St. Jude medical mechanical valve prosthesis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 May; 89(5):1402-9. PMID: 20417752.
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    21. Gillen J, Lazarchick J, Crawford FA. Tricuspid valve replacement and ventricular septal defect repair in a patient with Glanzmann thrombasthenia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 May; 139(5):e114-5. PMID: 19660396.
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    22. Ford RL, Mains IM, Hilton EJ, Reeves ST, Stroud RE, Crawford FA, Ikonomidis JS, Spinale FG. Endothelin-A receptor inhibition after cardiopulmonary bypass: cytokines and receptor activation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Nov; 86(5):1576-83. PMID: 19049753.
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    23. Bowman LJ, Uber WE, Stroud MR, Christiansen LR, Lazarchick J, Crumbley AJ, Kratz JM, Toole JM, Crawford FA, Ikonomidis JS. Use of recombinant activated factor VII concentrate to control postoperative hemorrhage in complex cardiovascular surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 May; 85(5):1669-76; discussion 1676-7. PMID: 18442563.
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    24. Graham EM, Bandisode VM, Bradley SM, Crawford FA, Simsic JM, Atz AM. Effect of preoperative use of propranolol on postoperative outcome in patients with tetralogy of Fallot. Am J Cardiol. 2008 Mar 01; 101(5):693-5. PMID: 18308023.
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    25. Ikonomidis JS, Hilton EJ, Payne K, Harrell A, Finklea L, Clark L, Reeves S, Stroud RE, Leonardi A, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Selective endothelin-A receptor inhibition after cardiac surgery: a safety and feasibility study. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Jun; 83(6):2153-60; discussion 2161. PMID: 17532415.
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    26. Crawford FA. Atrioventricular canal: single-patch technique. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2007; 11-20. PMID: 17433986.
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    27. Laudito A, Graham EM, Stroud MR, Bandisode V, Bhat AN, Crawford FA, Atz AM, Bradley SM. Complete repair of conotruncal defects with an interatrial communication: oxygenation, hemodynamic status, and early outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Oct; 82(4):1286-91; discussion 1291. PMID: 16996921.
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    28. Toole JM, Stroud MR, Kratz JM, Crumbley AJ, Crawford FA, Ikonomidis JS. Valve surgery in renal dialysis patients. J Heart Valve Dis. 2006 May; 15(3):453-8; discussion 458. PMID: 16784088.
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    29. Khitin LM, Sade RM, Bradley SM, Crawford FA, Widener CE, Stroud MR. Prevention of thrombosis and embolism in children and adolescents with mechanical valve prostheses: warfarin versus antiplatelet agents. J Heart Valve Dis. 2006 May; 15(3):394-9; discussion 399. PMID: 16784079.
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    30. Clark LL, Ikonomidis JS, Crawford FA, Crumbley A, Kratz JM, Stroud MR, Woolson RF, Bruce JJ, Nicholas JS, Lackland DT, Zile MR, Spinale FG. Preoperative statin treatment is associated with reduced postoperative mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: an 8-year retrospective cohort study. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Mar; 131(3):679-85. PMID: 16515923.
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    31. Hlavacek AM, Crawford FA, Chessa KS, Shirali GS. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography is useful in the evaluation of patients with atrioventricular septal defects. Echocardiography. 2006 Mar; 23(3):225-31. PMID: 16524393.
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    32. Crumbley AJ, Odom S, Van Bakel AB, Pereira N, Ikonomidis JS, Bradley S, Kratz JM, Sade RM, Uber W, Stroud MR, Crawford FA. Cardiac transplantation in South Carolina: 300 transplants. J S C Med Assoc. 2006 Feb; 102(1):5-10. PMID: 16704179.
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    33. Crawford FA. Thoracic surgery education--past, present, and future. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jun; 79(6):S2232-7. PMID: 15919258.
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    34. Crawford FA. Residual pulmonary artery hypertension after mitral valve replacement: size matters! J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Apr 05; 45(7):1041-2. PMID: 15808761.
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    35. Rashba EJ, Gold MR, Crawford FA, Leman RB, Peters RW, Shorofsky SR. Efficacy of transthoracic cardioversion of atrial fibrillation using a biphasic, truncated exponential shock waveform at variable initial shock energies. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Dec 15; 94(12):1572-4. PMID: 15589022.
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    36. Girard DS, Sutton JP, Williams TH, Crumbley AJ, Zellner JL, Kratz JM, Crawford FA. Papaverine delivery to the internal mammary artery pedicle effectively treats spasm. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Oct; 78(4):1295-8. PMID: 15464488.
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    37. Ikonomidis JS, Bradley SM, Crawford FA. Valve-sparing aortic root replacement: experience at MUSC. J S C Med Assoc. 2004 Oct; 100(10):274-7. PMID: 15690920.
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    38. Ikonomidis JS, Kim PY, Crawford FA. Repair of aortic arch coarctation and innominate artery aneurysm with branched Dacron graft. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb; 127(2):579-81. PMID: 14762374.
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    39. Yarbrough WM, Mukherjee R, Escobar GP, Hendrick JW, Sample JA, Dowdy KB, McLean JE, Mingoia JT, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Modulation of calcium transport improves myocardial contractility and enzyme profiles after prolonged ischemia-reperfusion. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Dec; 76(6):2054-61; discussion 2061. PMID: 14667641.
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    40. Yarbrough WM, Mukherjee R, Escobar GP, Sample JA, McLean JE, Dowdy KB, Hendrick JW, Gibson WC, Hardin AE, Mingoia JT, White PC, Stiko A, Armstrong RC, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Pharmacologic inhibition of intracellular caspases after myocardial infarction attenuates left ventricular remodeling: a potentially novel pathway. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Dec; 126(6):1892-9. PMID: 14688702.
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    41. Ikonomidis JS, Kratz JM, Crumbley AJ, Stroud MR, Bradley SM, Sade RM, Crawford FA. Twenty-year experience with the St Jude Medical mechanical valve prosthesis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Dec; 126(6):2022-31. PMID: 14688722.
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    42. Crawford FA. The Duke Surgical Residency under Sabiston: comments. Ann Surg. 2003 Dec; 238(6 Suppl):S18-9. PMID: 14703739.
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    43. Crawford FA. Thoracic surgery education--responding to a changing environment. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Nov; 126(5):1235-42. PMID: 14665985.
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    44. Yarbrough WM, Mukherjee R, Brinsa TA, Dowdy KB, Scott AA, Escobar GP, Joffs C, Lucas DG, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Matrix metalloproteinase inhibition modifies left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction in pigs. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Mar; 125(3):602-10. PMID: 12658202.
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    45. Lucas DG, Hendrick JW, Sample JA, Mukherjee R, Escobar GP, Smits GJ, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Cardiorenal effects of adenosine subtype 1 (A1) receptor inhibition in an experimental model of heart failure. J Am Coll Surg. 2002 May; 194(5):603-9. PMID: 12022600.
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    46. Crawford FA, Stroud MR. Surgical repair of complete atrioventricular septal defect. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Nov; 72(5):1621-8; discussion 1628-9. PMID: 11722055.
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    47. Joffs C, Walker CA, Hendrick JW, Fary DJ, Almany DK, Davis JN, Goldberg AT, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Endothelin receptor subtype A blockade selectively reduces pulmonary pressure after cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001 Aug; 122(2):365-70. PMID: 11479511.
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    48. Joffs C, Gunasinghe HR, Multani MM, Dorman BH, Kratz JM, Crumbley AJ, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Cardiopulmonary bypass induces the synthesis and release of matrix metalloproteinases. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 May; 71(5):1518-23. PMID: 11383793.
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    49. Kirk KC, Aldridge RA, Sistino JJ, Zellner JL, Crumbley AJ, Kratz JM, Crawford FA, Reeves ST. Coronary artery bypass grafting with and without cardiopulmonary bypass: a comparison analysis. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2001 May; 33(2):86-90. PMID: 11467442.
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    50. Walker CA, Baicu SC, Goldberg AT, Widener CE, Fary DJ, Almany DK, Ergul A, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Temporal endothelin dynamics of the myocardial interstitium and systemic circulation in cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2000 Nov; 120(5):864-71. PMID: 11044311.
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    51. Crawford FA. Reoperation through a previous pectoralis muscle flap in an infant. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Oct; 70(4):1449. PMID: 11081930.
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    52. Franga DL, Kratz JM, Crumbley AJ, Zellner JL, Stroud MR, Crawford FA. Early and long-term results of coronary artery bypass grafting in dialysis patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Sep; 70(3):813-8; discussion 819. PMID: 11016315.
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    53. Tappin DM, Lumsden MA, McIntyre D, Mckay C, Gilmour WH, Webber R, Cowan S, Crawford F, Currie F. A pilot study to establish a randomized trial methodology to test the efficacy of a behavioural intervention. Health Educ Res. 2000 Aug; 15(4):491-502. PMID: 11066466.
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    54. Joyce JJ, Hwang EY, Wiles HB, Kline CH, Bradley SM, Crawford FA. Reliability of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography during Tetralogy of Fallot repair. Echocardiography. 2000 May; 17(4):319-27. PMID: 10979000.
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    55. Bond BR, Zellner JL, Dorman BH, Multani MM, Kratz JM, Crumbley AJ, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Differential effects of calcium channel antagonists in the amelioration of radial artery vasospasm. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Apr; 69(4):1035-40; discussion 1040-1. PMID: 10800790.
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    56. Crawford FA. Developing administrative skills. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2000 Apr; 119(4 Pt 2):S33-7. PMID: 10727960.
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    57. Goldberg AT, Bond BR, Mukherjee R, New RB, Zellner JL, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Endothelin receptor pathway in human left ventricular myocytes: relation to contractility. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Mar; 69(3):711-5; discussion 716. PMID: 10750748.
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    58. Crawford F, Abdullah L, Schinka J, Suo Z, Gold M, Duara R, Mullan M. Gender-specific association of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene with Alzheimer's disease. Neurosci Lett. 2000 Feb 25; 280(3):215-9. PMID: 10675799.
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    59. Crawford FA. Thoracic surgery education. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Feb; 69(2):330-3. PMID: 10735657.
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    60. Walker CA, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Myocyte contractile dysfunction with hypertrophy and failure: relevance to cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2000 Feb; 119(2):388-400. PMID: 10649220.
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    61. Crawford FA, Kratz JM, Zellner JL, Bradley SM, Crumbley AJ. Current concepts in heart valve surgery. J S C Med Assoc. 1999 Dec; 95(12):465-9. PMID: 10634033.
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    62. Loging JA, New RB, Baicu SC, King MK, Hendrick JW, Crawford FA, de Gasparo M, Spinale FG. Effects of angiotensin type-I receptor blockade on pericardial fibrosis. J Surg Res. 1999 Nov; 87(1):101-7. PMID: 10527710.
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    63. Town T, Paris D, Parker TA, Kundtz A, Tan J, Duara R, Gold M, Crawford F, Mullan M. Alzheimers disease is not associated with the hypertension genetic risk factors PLA(2) or G protein beta3, either independently or interactively with apolipoprotein E. Am J Med Genet. 1999 Oct 15; 88(5):465-8. PMID: 10490699.
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    64. Zellner JL, Kratz JM, Crumbley AJ, Stroud MR, Bradley SM, Sade RM, Crawford FA. Long-term experience with the St. Jude Medical valve prosthesis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Oct; 68(4):1210-8. PMID: 10543481.
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    65. Crawford FA. History of congenital heart surgery in South Carolina. J S C Med Assoc. 1999 Sep; 95(9):332-4. PMID: 10510597.
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    66. Crawford F, Town T, Freeman M, Schinka J, Gold M, Duara R, Mullan M. The alpha-2 macroglobulin gene is not associated with Alzheimer's disease in a case-control sample. Neurosci Lett. 1999 Aug 06; 270(3):133-6. PMID: 10462112.
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    67. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 9203430.
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    68. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 9129722.
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    69. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 7586451.
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    70. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 2369225.
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    71. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 2923187.
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    72. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 8084340.
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    73. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 10805350.
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    74. Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Arch Surg. 1999 Jul; 134(7):764-7. PMID: 31198608.
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    75. Crawford F, Freeman M, Town T, Fallin D, Gold M, Duara R, Mullan M. No genetic association between polymorphisms in the Tau gene and Alzheimer's disease in clinic or population based samples. Neurosci Lett. 1999 May 14; 266(3):193-6. PMID: 10465706.
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    76. New RB, Zellner JL, Hebbar L, Mukherjee R, Sampson AC, Hendrick JW, Handy JR, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Isolated left ventricular myocyte contractility in patients undergoing cardiac operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Sep; 116(3):495-502. PMID: 9731792.
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    77. Town T, Paris D, Fallin D, Duara R, Barker W, Gold M, Crawford F, Mullan M. The -491A/T apolipoprotein E promoter polymorphism association with Alzheimer's disease: independent risk and linkage disequilibrium with the known APOE polymorphism. Neurosci Lett. 1998 Aug 14; 252(2):95-8. PMID: 9756330.
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    78. Crawford F, Fallin D, Suo Z, Abdullah L, Gold M, Gauntlett A, Duara R, Mullan M. The butyrylcholinesterase gene is neither independently nor synergistically associated with late-onset AD in clinic- and community-based populations. Neurosci Lett. 1998 Jun 19; 249(2-3):115-8. PMID: 9682830.
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    79. Lee JC, Dominici RH, Crawford FA, Radtke WA. Images in cardiovascular medicine. Successful transcatheter retrieval of an air gun pellet and adherent thrombus from a pulmonary artery branch. Circulation. 1998 May 05; 97(17):1755-6. PMID: 9591771.
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    80. Houck WV, Kribbs SB, Zellner JL, Doscher MA, Joshi JD, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Normothermic versus hypothermic hyperkalemic cardioplegia: effects on myocyte contractility. Ann Thorac Surg. 1998 May; 65(5):1279-83. PMID: 9594851.
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    81. Houck WV, Thomas CV, Doscher MA, Wang YH, Hebbar L, Joshi JD, Mukherjee R, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Downstream defects in beta-adrenergic signaling and relation to myocyte contractility after cardioplegic arrest. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Jan; 115(1):190-9. PMID: 9451063.
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    82. O SJ, Cox MH, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Protein kinase C activation before cardioplegic arrest: beneficial effects on myocyte contractility. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Oct; 114(4):651-9. PMID: 9338652.
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    83. Walker JD, Kratz JM, Basler CG, Meck LP, Stratton JR, Kribbs SB, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Fate of gelatin-resorcinol-formaldehyde/glutaraldeyde adhesive on femoral vessel morphology. J Surg Res. 1997 Jul 15; 71(1):73-8. PMID: 9271281.
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    84. Hinton RB, Hebbar L, Cox MH, Mukherjee R, Joshi JD, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Left ventricular regional myocyte contractility in normal and heart failure states. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1997 Jul; 29(7):1939-46. PMID: 9236147.
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    85. Bradley SM, Sade RM, Crawford FA, Stroud MR. Anticoagulation in children with mechanical valve prostheses. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Jul; 64(1):30-4; discussion 35-6. PMID: 9236331.
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    86. Cai X, Stanton J, Fallin D, Hoyne J, Duara R, Gold M, Sevush S, Scibelli P, Crawford F, Mullan M. No association between the intronic presenilin-1 polymorphism and Alzheimer's disease in clinic and population-based samples. Am J Med Genet. 1997 Apr 18; 74(2):202-3. PMID: 9129725.
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    87. Cox MH, O SJ, Hebbar L, Mukherjee R, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Protective effects of adenosine on myocyte contractility during cardioplegic arrest. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Apr; 63(4):981-7. PMID: 9124975.
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    88. Crawford FA, Gillette PC. As originally published in 1989: Cryoablation of septal pathways in patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. Updated in 1997. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Apr; 63(4):1205-6. PMID: 9124945.
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    89. Cox MH, O SJ, Clair MJ, Mukherjee R, Wakefield TW, Andrews PC, Stanley JC, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Differential effects of novel protamine variants on myocyte contractile function with left ventricular failure. Surgery. 1997 Mar; 121(3):304-13. PMID: 9068672.
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    90. Fallin D, Gauntlett AC, Scibelli P, Cai X, Duara R, Gold M, Crawford F, Mullan M. No association between the very low density lipoprotein receptor gene and late-onset Alzheimer's disease nor interaction with the apolipoprotein E gene in population-based and clinic samples. Genet Epidemiol. 1997; 14(3):299-305. PMID: 9181358.
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    91. Mullan M, Scibelli P, Duara R, Fallin D, Gold M, Schinka J, Hoyne J, Osborne A, Sevush S, Crawford F. Familial and population-based studies of apolipoprotein E and Alzheimer's disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1996 Dec 16; 802:16-26. PMID: 8993480.
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    92. Crumbley AJ, Van Bakel AB, Handy JR, Hendrix GH, Wiles HB, Kratz JM, Sade RM, Stroud MR, Crawford FA. Cardiac transplantation in South Carolina: the first 100 patients. J S C Med Assoc. 1996 Dec; 92(12):485-92. PMID: 9037901.
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    93. O SJ, Zellner JL, Cox MH, Hebbar L, Brothers TE, Mukherjee R, Tempel GE, Dorman BH, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Contributory mechanisms for the beneficial effects of myocyte preconditioning during cardioplegic arrest. Circulation. 1996 Nov 01; 94(9 Suppl):II389-97. PMID: 8901780.
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    94. Handy JR, Dorman BH, Cavallo MJ, Hinton RB, Roy RC, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Direct effects of oxygenated crystalloid or blood cardioplegia on isolated myocyte contractile function. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Oct; 112(4):1064-72. PMID: 8873734.
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    95. O SJ, Cox MH, Mukherjee R, Clair MJ, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Direct and interactive effects of cardioplegic arrest and protamine on myocyte contractility. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Aug; 62(2):489-94. PMID: 8694611.
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    96. Crawford FA. The origins of successful closed valvular surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Aug; 62(2):628-9. PMID: 8694653.
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    97. McMahon WS, Gillette PC, Hinton RB, Stratton JR, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Developmental differences in myocyte contractile response after cardioplegic arrest. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Jun; 111(6):1257-66. PMID: 8642828.
      Citations:    
    98. McMahon WS, Mukherjee R, Gillette PC, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Right and left ventricular geometry and myocyte contractile processes with dilated cardiomyopathy: myocyte growth and beta-adrenergic responsiveness. Cardiovasc Res. 1996 Feb; 31(2):314-23. PMID: 8730409.
      Citations:    
    99. Zellner JL, Hebbar L, Crawford FA, Mukherjee R, Spinale FG. Beneficial effects of myocyte preconditioning on contractile processes after cardioplegic arrest. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Feb; 61(2):558-64. PMID: 8572767.
      Citations:    
    100. Crawford FA, Anderson RP, Clark RE, Grover FL, Kouchoukos NT, Waldhausen JA, Wilcox BR. Volume requirements for cardiac surgery credentialing: a critical examination. The Ad Hoc Committee on Cardiac Surgery Credentialing of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Jan; 61(1):12-6. PMID: 8561536.
      Citations:    
    101. Walker JD, Crawford FA, Mukherjee R, Spinale FG. The direct effects of 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) on myocyte contractile processes. Insights into mechanisms of action. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 Nov; 110(5):1369-79; discussion 1379-80. PMID: 7475189.
      Citations:    
    102. Walker JD, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Pretreatment with 3,5,3'triiodo-L-thyronine (T3). Effects on myocyte contractile function after hypothermic cardioplegic arrest and rewarming. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 Aug; 110(2):315-27. PMID: 7637349.
      Citations:    
    103. Walker JD, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. 3,5,3' Triiodo-L-thyronine pretreatment with cardioplegic arrest and chronic left ventricular dysfunction. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995 Aug; 60(2):292-9. PMID: 7646089.
      Citations:    
    104. Hird RB, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. Differential effects of protamine sulfate on myocyte contractile function with left ventricular failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995 Mar 01; 25(3):773-80. PMID: 7860928.
      Citations:    
    105. Shuler CO, Fyfe DA, Sade R, Crawford FA. Transesophageal echocardiographic evaluation of cor triatriatum in children. Am Heart J. 1995 Mar; 129(3):507-10. PMID: 7872180.
      Citations:    
    106. Hird RB, Crawford FA, Mukherjee R, Spinale FG. Direct effects of thrombin on myocyte contractile function. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995 Feb; 59(2):288-93. PMID: 7847939.
      Citations:    
    107. Hird RB, Spinale FG, Hewett KW, Mukherjee R, Crawford FA. The direct effects of protamine sulfate on myocyte contractile processes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994 Dec; 108(6):1100-14. PMID: 7983879.
      Citations:    
    108. Walker JD, Crawford FA, Kato S, Spinale FG. The novel effects of 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine on myocyte contractile function and beta-adrenergic responsiveness in dilated cardiomyopathy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994 Oct; 108(4):672-9. PMID: 7934101.
      Citations:    
    109. Crawford FA, Gillette PC. Surgical treatment of cardiac dysrhythmias in infants and children. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Oct; 58(4):1262-8. PMID: 7944802.
      Citations:    
    110. Walker JD, Crawford FA, Mukherjee R, Zile MR, Spinale FG. Direct effects of acute administration of 3, 5, 3' triiodo-L-thyronine on myocyte function. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Sep; 58(3):851-6. PMID: 7944715.
      Citations:    
    111. Chan KC, Fyfe DA, McKay CA, Sade RM, Crawford FA. Right ventricular outflow reconstruction with cryopreserved homografts in pediatric patients: intermediate-term follow-up with serial echocardiographic assessment. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Aug; 24(2):483-9. PMID: 8034886.
      Citations:    
    112. Hird RB, Crawford FA, Mukherjee R, Zile MR, Spinale FG. Effects of protamine on myocyte contractile function and beta-adrenergic responsiveness. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 May; 57(5):1066-74; discussion 1074-5. PMID: 8179366.
      Citations:    
    113. Kratz JM, Sade RM, Crawford FA, Crumbley AJ, Stroud MR. The risk of small St. Jude aortic valve prostheses. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 May; 57(5):1114-8; discussion 1118-9. PMID: 8179372.
      Citations:    
    114. Handy JR, Spinale FG, Mukherjee R, Crawford FA. Hypothermic potassium cardioplegia impairs myocyte recovery of contractility and inotropy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994 Apr; 107(4):1050-8. PMID: 8159026.
      Citations:    
    115. Case CL, Gillette PC, Crawford FA, Knick BJ. Comparison of medical care costs between successful radiofrequency catheter ablation and surgical ablation of accessory pathways in the pediatric age group. Am J Cardiol. 1994 Mar 15; 73(8):600-1. PMID: 8147308.
      Citations:    
    116. Kratz JM, Johnson WS, Mukherjee R, Hu J, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. The relation between latissimus dorsi skeletal muscle structure and contractile function after cardiomyoplasty. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994 Mar; 107(3):868-78. PMID: 8127116.
      Citations:    
    117. Roberts CS, Othersen HB, Sade RM, Smith CD, Tagge EP, Crawford FA. Tracheoesophageal compression from aortic arch anomalies: analysis of 30 operatively treated children. J Pediatr Surg. 1994 Feb; 29(2):334-7; discussion 337-8. PMID: 8176615.
      Citations:    
    118. Wheatley DJ, Crawford FA, Kay PH, Chandler JG, Strong MD, Strom JA, Shah PM, Keon WJ, Copeland G, Lewis SS. A ten-year study of the Ionescu-Shiley low-profile bioprosthetic heart valve. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1994; 8(10):541-8. PMID: 7826652.
      Citations:    
    119. Spinale FG, Ishihra K, Zile M, DeFryte G, Crawford FA, Carabello BA. Structural basis for changes in left ventricular function and geometry because of chronic mitral regurgitation and after correction of volume overload. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1993 Dec; 106(6):1147-57. PMID: 8246553.
      Citations:    
    120. Sutton RG, Kratz JM, Spinale FG, Crawford FA. Comparison of three blood-processing techniques during and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 1993 Oct; 56(4):938-43. PMID: 8215672.
      Citations:    
    121. Tanaka R, Fulbright BM, Mukherjee R, Burchell SA, Crawford FA, Zile MR, Spinale FG. The cellular basis for the blunted response to beta-adrenergic stimulation in supraventricular tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1993 Oct; 25(10):1215-33. PMID: 8263955.
      Citations:    
    122. Kratz JM, Crawford FA, Sade RM, Crumbley AJ, Stroud MR. St. Jude prosthesis for aortic and mitral valve replacement: a ten-year experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 1993 Sep; 56(3):462-8. PMID: 8379717.
      Citations:    
    123. Kaplan AJ, Norcross ED, Crawford FA. Predictors of mortality in penetrating cardiac injury. Am Surg. 1993 Jun; 59(6):338-41. PMID: 8507054.
      Citations:    
    124. Mukherjee R, Crawford FA, Hewett KW, Spinale FG. Cell and sarcomere contractile performance from the same cardiocyte using video microscopy. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1993 Apr; 74(4):2023-33. PMID: 8514725.
      Citations:    
    125. Cofer JB, Galbraith RM, Bailey M, Bromberg JS, Rajagopalan PR, Fitts CT, Conroy J, Wilson F, Crawford FA. Liver transplantation in South Carolina. J S C Med Assoc. 1993 Mar; 89(3):111-8. PMID: 8468962.
      Citations:    
    126. Spinale FG, Mukherjee R, Fulbright BM, Hu J, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Contractile properties of isolated porcine ventricular myocytes. Cardiovasc Res. 1993 Feb; 27(2):304-11. PMID: 8472283.
      Citations:    
    127. Norcross ED, Elliott BM, Adams DB, Crawford FA. Impact of a major hurricane on surgical services in a university hospital. Am Surg. 1993 Jan; 59(1):28-33. PMID: 8480928.
      Citations:    
    128. Cannon JD, Zile MR, Crawford FA, Carabello BA. Aortic valve resistance as an adjunct to the Gorlin formula in assessing the severity of aortic stenosis in symptomatic patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Dec; 20(7):1517-23. PMID: 1452925.
      Citations:    
    129. Tanaka R, Spinale FG, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Effect of chronic supraventricular tachycardia on left ventricular function and structure in newborn pigs. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992 Dec; 20(7):1650-60. PMID: 1452940.
      Citations:    
    130. Burchell SA, Spinale FG, Crawford FA, Tanaka R, Zile MR. Effects of chronic tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy on the beta-adrenergic receptor system. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Oct; 104(4):1006-12. PMID: 1328769.
      Citations:    
    131. Crawford FA, Gillette PC, Case CL, Zeigler V. Surgical management of dysrhythmias in infants and small children. Ann Surg. 1992 Sep; 216(3):318-26. PMID: 1417181.
      Citations:    
    132. Kratz JM, Gillette PC, Crawford FA, Sade RM, Zeigler VL. Atrioventricular pacing in congenital heart disease. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Sep; 54(3):485-9. PMID: 1510515.
      Citations:    
    133. Campbell RM, Parks WJ, Crawford FA, Gillette PC. Right atrial diverticulum presenting as Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1992 Aug; 15(8):1101-4. PMID: 1381075.
      Citations:    
    134. Spinale FG, Fulbright BM, Mukherjee R, Tanaka R, Hu J, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Relation between ventricular and myocyte function with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Circ Res. 1992 Jul; 71(1):174-87. PMID: 1606661.
      Citations:    
    135. Douville EC, Kratz JM, Spinale FG, Crawford FA, Alpert CC, Pearce A. Retrograde versus antegrade cardioplegia: impact on right ventricular function. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Jul; 54(1):56-61. PMID: 1610255.
      Citations:    
    136. Reed CE, Spinale FG, Crawford FA. Effect of pulmonary resection on right ventricular function. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Apr; 53(4):578-82. PMID: 1554264.
      Citations:    
    137. Spinale FG, Clayton C, Tanaka R, Fulbright BM, Mukherjee R, Schulte BA, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Myocardial Na+,K(+)-ATPase in tachycardia induced cardiomyopathy. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1992 Mar; 24(3):277-94. PMID: 1320703.
      Citations:    
    138. Spinale FG, Tanaka R, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Changes in myocardial blood flow during development of and recovery from tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 1992 Feb; 85(2):717-29. PMID: 1735164.
      Citations:    
    139. Spinale FG, Grine RC, Tempel GE, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Alterations in the myocardial capillary vasculature accompany tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Basic Res Cardiol. 1992 Jan-Feb; 87(1):65-79. PMID: 1567354.
      Citations:    
    140. Williams JS, Crawford FA, Kratz JM, Riley JB. Cardiac surgery for patients maintained on chronic hemodialysis. J S C Med Assoc. 1991 Dec; 87(12):569-73. PMID: 1762426.
      Citations:    
    141. Spinale FG, Crawford FA, Hewett KW, Carabello BA. Ventricular failure and cellular remodeling with chronic supraventricular tachycardia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Dec; 102(6):874-82. PMID: 1960991.
      Citations:    
    142. Case CL, Gillette PC, Crawford FA. Cardiac rhabdomyomas causing supraventricular and lethal ventricular arrhythmias in an infant. Am Heart J. 1991 Nov; 122(5):1484-6. PMID: 1951021.
      Citations:    
    143. Wienecke M, Fyfe DA, Kline CH, Greene CA, Crawford FA, Sade RM, Gillette PC. Comparison of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography to epicardial imaging in children undergoing ventricular septal defect repair. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1991 Nov-Dec; 4(6):607-14. PMID: 1760182.
      Citations:    
    144. Spinale FG, Zellner JL, Tomita M, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Relation between ventricular and myocyte remodeling with the development and regression of supraventricular tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Circ Res. 1991 Oct; 69(4):1058-67. PMID: 1934334.
      Citations:    
    145. Zellner JL, Spinale FG, Eble DM, Hewett KW, Crawford FA. Alterations in myocyte shape and basement membrane attachment with tachycardia-induced heart failure. Circ Res. 1991 Sep; 69(3):590-600. PMID: 1873861.
      Citations:    
    146. Spinale FG, Tomita M, Zellner JL, Cook JC, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Collagen remodeling and changes in LV function during development and recovery from supraventricular tachycardia. Am J Physiol. 1991 Aug; 261(2 Pt 2):H308-18. PMID: 1877659.
      Citations:    
    147. Spinale FG, Zellner JL, Tomita M, Tempel GE, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy: effects on blood flow and capillary structure. Am J Physiol. 1991 Jul; 261(1 Pt 2):H140-8. PMID: 1858914.
      Citations:    
    148. Crawford FA. Left ventricular aneurysm. Ann Thorac Surg. 1991 Jul; 52(1):173-4. PMID: 2069454.
      Citations:    
    149. Crumbley AJ, Crawford FA. Long-term results of aortic valve replacement. Cardiol Clin. 1991 May; 9(2):353-80. PMID: 2054823.
      Citations:    
    150. Spinale FG, Zellner JL, Mukherjee R, Crawford FA. Placement considerations for measuring thermodilution right ventricular ejection fractions. Crit Care Med. 1991 Mar; 19(3):417-21. PMID: 1999105.
      Citations:    
    151. Spinale FG, Pearce AP, Schulte BA, Crawford FA. Ventricular function and Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity and distribution with chronic supraventricular tachycardia. Cardiovasc Res. 1991 Feb; 25(2):138-44. PMID: 1660347.
      Citations:    
    152. Tomita M, Spinale FG, Crawford FA, Zile MR. Changes in left ventricular volume, mass, and function during the development and regression of supraventricular tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. Disparity between recovery of systolic versus diastolic function. Circulation. 1991 Feb; 83(2):635-44. PMID: 1991381.
      Citations:    
    153. Mukherjee R, Spinale FG, von Recum AF, Crawford FA. In vitro validation of a right ventricular thermodilution ejection fraction system. Ann Biomed Eng. 1991; 19(2):165-77. PMID: 2048775.
      Citations:    
    154. Zellner JL, Spinale FG, Crawford FA, Cook JA. Right ventricular pump dysfunction with acute experimental septic shock. J Surg Res. 1991 Jan; 50(1):93-9. PMID: 1987437.
      Citations:    
    155. Buckles DS, Harold ME, Gillette PC, Case CL, Crawford FA. Computer-enhanced mapping of activation sequences in the surgical treatment of supraventricular arrhythmias. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1990 Nov; 13(11 Pt 1):1401-7. PMID: 1701894.
      Citations:    
    156. Spinale FG, Zellner JL, Mukherjee R, Ferris SE, Crawford FA. Thermodilution right ventricular ejection fraction. Catheter positioning effects. Chest. 1990 Nov; 98(5):1259-65. PMID: 2225977.
      Citations:    
    157. Braunstein PW, Sade RM, Crawford FA, Oslizlok PC. Repair of supravalvar aortic stenosis: cardiovascular morphometric and hemodynamic results. Ann Thorac Surg. 1990 Nov; 50(5):700-7. PMID: 2241327.
      Citations:    
    158. Winston DC, Spinale FG, Crawford FA, Schulte BA. Immunocytochemical and enzyme histochemical localization of Na+,K(+)-ATPase in normal and ischemic porcine myocardium. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1990 Oct; 22(10):1071-82. PMID: 1965661.
      Citations:    
    159. Hendrick DA, Smith AC, Kratz JM, Crawford FA, Spinale FG. The pig as a model of tachycardia and dilated cardiomyopathy. Lab Anim Sci. 1990 Sep; 40(5):495-501. PMID: 2170749.
      Citations:    
    160. Zeigler VL, Gillette PC, Crawford FA, Wiles HB, Fyfe DA. New approaches to treatment of incessant ventricular tachycardia in the very young. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1990 Sep; 16(3):681-5. PMID: 2387941.
      Citations:    
    161. Spinale FG, Hendrick DA, Crawford FA, Smith AC, Hamada Y, Carabello BA. Chronic supraventricular tachycardia causes ventricular dysfunction and subendocardial injury in swine. Am J Physiol. 1990 Jul; 259(1 Pt 2):H218-29. PMID: 2375409.
      Citations:    
    162. Spinale FG, Hendrick DA, Crawford FA, Carabello BA. Relationship between bioimpedance, thermodilution, and ventriculographic measurements in experimental congestive heart failure. Cardiovasc Res. 1990 May; 24(5):423-9. PMID: 2372797.
      Citations:    
    163. Zellner JL, Spinale FG, Crawford FA. Bioimpedance: a novel method for the determination of extravascular lung water. J Surg Res. 1990 May; 48(5):454-9. PMID: 2112668.
      Citations:    
    164. Spinale FG, Smith AC, Crawford FA. Relationship of bioimpedance to thermodilution and echocardiographic measurements of cardiac function. Crit Care Med. 1990 Apr; 18(4):414-8. PMID: 2318052.
      Citations:    
    165. Spinale FG, Carabello BA, Crawford FA. Right ventricular function and three-dimensional modeling using computer-aided design. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990 Apr; 68(4):1707-16. PMID: 2347808.
      Citations:    
    166. Spinale FG, Carabello BA, Schulte BA, Crawford FA. Wavefront myocyte injury and relationship to function in right ventricular ischemia. Am J Physiol. 1990 Feb; 258(2 Pt 2):H292-304. PMID: 2309899.
      Citations:    
    167. Case CL, Crawford FA, Gillette PC. Surgical treatment of dysrhythmias in infants and children. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Feb; 37(1):79-92. PMID: 2408005.
      Citations:    
    168. Crawford FA, Gillette PC, Zeigler V, Case C, Stroud M. Surgical management of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in infants and small children. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Feb; 99(2):234-9; discussion 239-40. PMID: 2299860.
      Citations:    
    169. Gillette PC, Buckles DS, Case CL, Harold ME, Trippel DL, Blair HL, Crawford FA. Automated cardiac electrophysiology testing in the catheterization laboratory and operating room. J Electrocardiol. 1990; 23 Suppl:71-5. PMID: 2090764.
      Citations:    
    170. Spinale FG, Smith AC, Carabello BA, Crawford FA. Right ventricular function computed by thermodilution and ventriculography. A comparison of methods. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Jan; 99(1):141-52. PMID: 2294348.
      Citations:    
    171. Spinale FG, Reines HD, Cook MC, Crawford FA. Noninvasive estimation of extravascular lung water using bioimpedance. J Surg Res. 1989 Dec; 47(6):535-40. PMID: 2685470.
      Citations:    
    172. McManaman J, Crawford F, Clark R, Richker J, Fuller F. Multiple neurotrophic factors from skeletal muscle: demonstration of effects of basic fibroblast growth factor and comparisons with the 22-kilodalton choline acetyltransferase development factor. J Neurochem. 1989 Dec; 53(6):1763-71. PMID: 2809590.
      Citations:    
    173. Reed CE, Parker EF, Crawford FA. Surgical resection for complications of pulmonary tuberculosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989 Aug; 48(2):165-7. PMID: 2764608.
      Citations:    
    174. Terranova W, Crawford FA. Treatment of median sternotomy wound infection and sternal necrosis in an infant. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989 Jul; 48(1):122-3. PMID: 2764590.
      Citations:    
    175. Gillette PC, Crawford FA, Fyfe DA, Taylor AB, Wiles HB. Advances in the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia. J S C Med Assoc. 1989 Jun; 85(6):275-8. PMID: 2747221.
      Citations:    
    176. Powers K, Fyfe DA, Taylor AB, Halushka PV, Crawford FA. Treatment of pulmonary vasospasm with prazosin after atrial septal defect closure in a child. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 May; 97(5):802-4. PMID: 2709872.
      Citations:    
    177. Case CL, Crawford FA, Gillette PC, Ross BA, Lee A, Zeigler V. Management strategies for surgical treatment of dysrhythmias in infants and children. Am J Cardiol. 1989 May 01; 63(15):1069-73. PMID: 2705377.
      Citations:    
    178. Lee AW, Crawford FA, Gillette PC, Roble SM. Cryoablation of septal pathways in patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989 Apr; 47(4):566-8. PMID: 2712630.
      Citations:    
    179. Linker RW, Crawford FA, Rittenbury MS, Barton M. Traumatic aortocaval fistula: case report. J Trauma. 1989 Feb; 29(2):255-7. PMID: 2918568.
      Citations:    
    180. Spinale FG, Linker RW, Crawford FA, Reines HD. Conventional versus high frequency jet ventilation with a bronchopleural fistula. J Surg Res. 1989 Feb; 46(2):147-51. PMID: 2493107.
      Citations:    
    181. Kratz JM, Reed CE, Crawford FA, Stroud MR, Parker EF. A comparison of endoesophageal tubes. Improved results with the Atkinson tube. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 Jan; 97(1):19-23. PMID: 2463438.
      Citations:    
    182. Crumbley AJ, Kratz JM, Crawford FA. Cardiac transplantation in South Carolina: the first year. J S C Med Assoc. 1988 Nov; 84(11):525-30. PMID: 3059049.
      Citations:    
    183. Case CL, Crawford FA, Gillette PC, Ross BA, Zeigler VL. Successful surgery for atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia in a small child. Am Heart J. 1988 Jul; 116(1 Pt 1):187-9. PMID: 3394620.
      Citations:    
    184. Clevenger FW, Linker RW, Crawford FA, Spinale FG, Reines HD. The use of positive end expiratory pressure to alter systemic-pulmonary shunt flow using conventional and high frequency jet ventilators. Curr Surg. 1988 May-Jun; 45(3):212-4. PMID: 3042294.
      Citations:    
    185. Spinale FG, Reines HD, Crawford FA. Comparison of bioimpedance and thermodilution methods for determining cardiac output: experimental and clinical studies. Ann Thorac Surg. 1988 Apr; 45(4):421-5. PMID: 3355284.
      Citations:    
    186. Sade RM, Crawford FA, Fyfe DA, Stroud MR. Valve prostheses in children: a reassessment of anticoagulation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1988 Apr; 95(4):553-61. PMID: 3352289.
      Citations:    
    187. Ross BA, Crawford FA, Whitman V, Gillette PC. Atrial automatic ectopic tachycardia due to an atrial tumor. Am Heart J. 1988 Mar; 115(3):606-10. PMID: 3344660.
      Citations:    
    188. Gillette PC, Ross BA, Crawford F, Zeigler V, Zinner A. Advances in the treatment of cardiac dysrhythmias. Indian J Pediatr. 1988 Jan-Feb; 55(1):118-26. PMID: 3288557.
      Citations:    
    189. Ullom RL, Sade RM, Crawford FA, Ross BA, Spinale F. The Blalock-Taussig shunt in infants: standard versus modified. Ann Thorac Surg. 1987 Nov; 44(5):539-43. PMID: 3675059.
      Citations:    
    190. Carabello BA, Usher BW, Hendrix GH, Assey ME, Crawford FA, Leman RB. Predictors of outcome for aortic valve replacement in patients with aortic regurgitation and left ventricular dysfunction: a change in the measuring stick. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Nov; 10(5):991-7. PMID: 3668112.
      Citations:    
    191. Leonard SR, Crawford FA. Care of the patient with a prosthetic heart valve. J S C Med Assoc. 1987 Sep; 83(9):465-70. PMID: 3478519.
      Citations:    
    192. Fyfe DA, Taylor AB, Gillette PC, Kline CH, Crawford FA. Doppler echocardiographic confirmation of recurrent atrial septal defect stenosis in infants with mitral valve atresia. Am J Cardiol. 1987 Aug 01; 60(4):410-1. PMID: 3618510.
      Citations:    
    193. Simpson WF, Sade RM, Crawford FA, Taylor AB, Fyfe DA. Double-chambered right ventricle. Ann Thorac Surg. 1987 Jul; 44(1):7-10. PMID: 3606262.
      Citations:    
    194. Fyfe DA, Gillette PC, Crawford FA, Kline CH. Resolution of dilated cardiomyopathy after surgical ablation of ventricular tachycardia in a child. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987 Jan; 9(1):231-4. PMID: 3794102.
      Citations:    
    195. Reed CE, Marks RD, Crawford FA. Use of brachytherapy in lung cancer. J S C Med Assoc. 1986 Sep; 82(9):589-91. PMID: 3022065.
      Citations:    
    196. Chaikhouni A, Crawford FA, Kochel PJ, Olanoff LS, Halushka PV. Human internal mammary artery produces more prostacyclin than saphenous vein. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1986 Jul; 92(1):88-91. PMID: 3755199.
      Citations:    
    197. Crawford FA, Sade RM, Spinale F. Bovine pericardium for correction of congenital heart defects. Ann Thorac Surg. 1986 Jun; 41(6):602-5. PMID: 3718034.
      Citations:    
    198. Sade RM, Crawford FA, Fyfe DA. Symposium on hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1986 Jun; 91(6):937-9. PMID: 3520163.
      Citations:    
    199. David I, Crawford FA, Hendrix GH, Harley RA, Tucker T. Thoracic surgical implications of the yellow nail syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1986 May; 91(5):788-90. PMID: 3702485.
      Citations:    
    200. Clevenger FW, Crawford FA. The surgical experience with annuloaortic ectasia at the Medical University of South Carolina. Clin Cardiol. 1986 May; 9(5):183-6. PMID: 3486736.
      Citations:    
    201. Smith CD, Sade RM, Crawford FA, Othersen HB. Diaphragmatic paralysis and eventration in infants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1986 Apr; 91(4):490-7. PMID: 3959566.
      Citations:    
    202. Buchanan D, Gillette PC, Zinner A, Crawford F. Ventricular tachydysrhythmias in near-miss sudden infant death syndrome. Am Heart J. 1986 Feb; 111(2):398-400. PMID: 3946179.
      Citations:    
    203. Kratz JM, Crawford FA, Stroud MR, Appleby DC, Hanger KH. Trends and results in tricuspid valve surgery. Chest. 1985 Dec; 88(6):837-40. PMID: 4064771.
      Citations:    
    204. Sade RM, Stroud MR, Crawford FA, Kratz JM, Dearing JP, Bartles DM. A prospective randomized study of hydroxyethyl starch, albumin, and lactated Ringer's solution as priming fluid for cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1985 May; 89(5):713-22. PMID: 2581099.
      Citations:    
    205. Chaikhouni A, Kratz JM, Crawford FA. Foreign bodies of the esophagus. Am Surg. 1985 Apr; 51(4):173-9. PMID: 3985482.
      Citations:    
    206. Smith RT, Sade RM, Riopel DA, Taylor AB, Crawford FA, Hohn AR. Stress testing for comparison of synthetic patch aortoplasty with resection and end to end anastomosis for repair of coarctation in childhood. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1984 Oct; 4(4):765-70. PMID: 6481016.
      Citations:    
    207. Sade RM, Crawford FA, Hohn AR, Riopel DA, Taylor AB. Growth of the aorta after prosthetic patch aortoplasty for coarctation in infants. Ann Thorac Surg. 1984 Jul; 38(1):21-5. PMID: 6732346.
      Citations:    
    208. Pass HI, Sade RM, Crawford FA, Hohn AR. Cardiac valve prostheses in children without anticoagulation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1984 Jun; 87(6):832-5. PMID: 6727406.
      Citations:    
    209. Crawford FA, Kratz JM, Sade RM, Stroud MR, Bartles DM. Aortic and mitral valve replacement with the St. Jude Medical prosthesis. Ann Surg. 1984 Jun; 199(6):753-61. PMID: 6375596.
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    210. Chaikhouni A, Crawford FA, Sade RM, Taylor AB, Riopel DA, Hohn AR. Discrete subaortic stenosis. Clin Cardiol. 1984 May; 7(5):289-93. PMID: 6538823.
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    211. Crawford FA, Sade RM. Spinal cord injury associated with hyperthermia during aortic coarctation repair. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1984 Apr; 87(4):616-8. PMID: 6708581.
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    212. Pass HI, Crawford FA, Sade RM, Assey ME, Usher BW. Congenital heart disease in adults. Am Surg. 1984 Jan; 50(1):36-9. PMID: 6691633.
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    213. Weaver JP, Crawford FA, Kratz JM, Sade RM. Valve replacement for native valve endocarditis. Am Surg. 1984 Jan; 50(1):40-2. PMID: 6691634.
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    214. Kratz JM, Blackburn JG, Leman RB, Crawford FA. Cardiac pacing under hyperbaric conditions. Ann Thorac Surg. 1983 Jul; 36(1):66-8. PMID: 6860026.
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    215. Pass HI, Crawford FA. Radioactive microspheres: a useful tool in the investigation of myocardial ischemia. J S C Med Assoc. 1983 May; 79(5):259-63. PMID: 6576210.
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    216. Kratz JM, Crawford FA, Sade RM. Pacemaker inhibition. Ann Thorac Surg. 1983 Apr; 35(4):473. PMID: 6838276.
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    217. Sade RM, Crawford FA, Dearing JP, Stroud M. Hydroxyethyl starch in priming fluid for cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1982 Jul; 84(1):35-8. PMID: 6177973.
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    218. Sade RM, Crawford FA, Hohn AR. Inflow occlusion for semilunar valve stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1982 Jun; 33(6):570-5. PMID: 7092384.
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    219. Annest LS, Kratz JM, Crawford FA. Current results of treatment of bronchiectasis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1982 Apr; 83(4):546-50. PMID: 7062768.
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    220. Crawford FA, Watson DG, Joransen JA. Tetralogy of Fallot with coexisting type II aortopulmonary window. Ann Thorac Surg. 1981 Jan; 31(1):78-81. PMID: 7458476.
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    221. Byrne D, Pass HI, Neely WA, Turner MD, Crawford FA. External versus internal cardiac massage in normal and chronically ischemic dogs. Am Surg. 1980 Dec; 46(12):657-62. PMID: 7447164.
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    222. Crawford FA, Barnes TY, Heath BJ. Potassium-induced cardioplegia in patients undergoing correction of congenital heart defects. Chest. 1980 Aug; 78(2):316-20. PMID: 7398420.
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    223. Crawford FA, Wechsler AS, Kisslo JA. Tricuspid endocarditis in a drug addict; detection of tricuspid vegetations by two-dimensional echocardiography. Chest. 1978 Oct; 74(4):473-5. PMID: 699668.
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    224. Crawford FA, Heath BJ, Joransen JA, Watson DG. Definitive correction of congenital heart disease in infancy. J Miss State Med Assoc. 1978 Oct; 19(10):179-82. PMID: 712823.
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    225. Crawford FA, Selby JH, Watson D, Joransen J. Unusual aspects of atrial myxoma. Ann Surg. 1978 Aug; 188(2):240-4. PMID: 686891.
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    226. Crawford FA, Selby JH, Joransen JA. Mitral valve replacement with a porcine heterograft in an infant. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1978 May; 75(5):705-8. PMID: 642564.
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    227. Knott LH, Crawford FA, Grogan JB. Comparison of autogenous vein, dacron and Gore-Tex in infected wounds. J Surg Res. 1978 Apr; 24(4):288-93. PMID: 147965.
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    228. Crawford FA, Selby JH, Bower JD, Lehan PH. Coronary revascularization in patients maintained on chronic hemodialysis. Circulation. 1977 Oct; 56(4 Pt 1):684-7. PMID: 302767.
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    229. Sabiston DC, Wolfe WG, Oldham HN, Wechsler AS, Crawford FA, Jones KW, Jones RH. Surgical management of chronic pulmonary embolism. Ann Surg. 1977 Jun; 185(6):699-712. PMID: 871224.
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    230. Gilbert BW, Haney RS, Crawford F, McClellan J, Gallis HA, Johnson ML, Kisslo JA. Two-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of vegetative endocarditis. Circulation. 1977 Feb; 55(2):346-53. PMID: 832352.
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    231. Crawford FA, Wolfe WG. Interposition mesocaval H shunt associated with a left inferior vena cava. Surgery. 1976 Jun; 79(6):678-81. PMID: 131982.
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    232. Sethi GK, Crawford FA, Scott SM, Takaro T. Femorofemoral bypass graft: choice or compromise? Am Surg. 1975 Feb; 41(2):61-6. PMID: 123714.
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    233. Crawford FA, Sethi GK, Scott SM, Takaro T. Femorofemoral grafts for unilateral occlusion of aortic bifurcation grafts. Surgery. 1975 Jan; 77(1):150-3. PMID: 122799.
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    234. Crawford FA, Sethi GK, Scott SM, Takaro T. Systemic emboli due to cloth wear in a Starr-Edwards Model 2320 aortic prosthesis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1973 Dec; 16(6):614-9. PMID: 4757838.
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    235. Crawford FA, Hammon JW, Shingleton WW. The stress ulcer syndrome. RN. 1972 Jul; 35(7):ICU1-9. PMID: 4482990.
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    236. Crawford FA, Hammon JW, Shingleton WW. The stress ulcer syndrome. A clinical and pathologic review. Am J Surg. 1971 Jun; 121(6):644-9. PMID: 5089557.
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    237. Crawford FA, Willwerth BM, Cline RE, Wallace AG, Sealy WC. Left heart bypass following left coronary artery occlusion. Circulation. 1968 Apr; 37(4 Suppl):II12-7. PMID: 5646571.
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    238. Willwerth BM, Crawford FA, Young WG, Sealy WC. The role of functional demand on the development of pulmonary lesions during hemorrhagic shock. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1967 Nov; 54(5):658-65. PMID: 4168690.
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